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Collective memory and tradition creation, so how does it work?

Adi Shertzer, The Ben-Gurion Institute for the Study of Israel and Zionism

Our calendar, the booklets that are learned in the schools, the radio playlist, the architectural design of state sites, all of these and more encrypt the collective memory shared by us all. This memory cannot be touched, it is difficult to describe it, and further it is difficult to define its boundaries, but it is a factor that deeply affects the lives of each one of us.

The collective memory relates to the events of the past, but it does not constitute a historical description that he does not claim to tell an objective and accurate story, but to emphasize from past events the values, principles, and concepts of the world that are drawn into the present. For example, Chanukah does not necessarily include a “C” or “s” Historical account, but it certainly includes the way the events were preserved 164 accurately on the events in Judea in Jewish memory over the centuries and several ethical principles: the triumph of the spirit, the importance of freedom, devotion to the spirit, and more.

The collective memory is manifested and is preserved and developed through traditions. These traditions were created at some point in the past, but they continue to develop when each generation adds its unique layer to it and interprets them according to its path. In fact, it is possible to say that the traditions are required to save the memory, “live,” and make sure that the key events of the past will not disappear in front of the present. For example, the biblical “Oachz” to emphasize the exodus of Egypt as an event from the Jewish people that requires moral behavior and fair treatment for another, it was composed of many ceremonies and traditions: The Kiddush of the Sabbath, the Haggadah and the Matzot on Pesach and more.

Although the initial impression is that the traditions are all hundreds of years old, and even in modern times, they have created different peoples of new traditions to express their world of values and their worldview. In the United States, Thanksgiving was only a few hundred years ago, in most countries, the world was created by national days with their characteristic traditions after World War I, and in Israel the horns were created during the memorial days only a few decades ago.

In Israel, which is a relatively young state that continues to absorb an increase from all over the world, there are many designers of traditions and ceremonies. The question of how will the collective memory of the Holocaust be expressed , and the resurrection in the next few years is a key question that is about to be opened. There is no one answer to this question, but the way to preserve the memory is through the fixation.